Macular degeneration is a chronic eye disease that affects the area in the center of the retina that is responsible for clear vision of objects directly in the line of sight. Even though the cause isn’t entirely known, macular degeneration is linked to an individual’s age. If macular degeneration continues to progress, the center portion of the retina, known as the macular, may become incredibly thin and eventually break down entirely.
Some of the initial signs that an individual suffers from macular degeneration include an increasing need for brighter lights while working, difficulty adapting to dimly lit rooms, and a blind spot in the center field of vision. The most common risk factor of macular degeneration is age. In fact, the Mayo Clinic reports that the eye condition is most common among individuals over the age of 65. In addition to age, family history of macular degeneration, smoking, and obesity all increase an individual’s risk for developing this chronic eye condition.
If you feel you’re at risk for developing macular degeneration or another chronic eye condition, schedule an appointment with Eye Care Associates of St. Louis. Contact a member of our experienced staff by dialing (314) 863-4200.
LASIK surgery can help correct refractive errors in the eye by reshaping the cornea and changing its focusing power. By undergoing a LASIK procedure, patients can reduce or eliminate their need to wear corrective lenses such as eyeglasses or contacts. Patients who have a moderate degree of nearsightedness, farsightedness or astigmatism are typically the best candidates for LASIK surgery.
In order to undergo LASIK surgery, your ophthalmologist will need to evaluate your eye health and make sure that you are an appropriate LASIK candidate. To prepare for this baseline evaluation, you should stop wearing contact lenses and switch to wearing glasses full time. This will allow your cornea to return to its natural shape so that your doctor can determine how much cornea tissue to remove. During this baseline evaluation, you should also tell your doctor about any past or present medical eye conditions and medications that you may be taking.
LASIK surgery typically takes less than 30 minutes and you will need to arrange transportation home from the surgery. During the procedure, you will lie on your back in a reclining chair as your doctor places a numbing drop into each eye. Your doctor will then clean the area around your eye and use an instrument called a lid speculum to keep your eyelid open. You will still be able to see during the LASIK surgery, but you will likely experience some degree of blurred vision throughout the surgery.
Your eye may burn, itch, or water immediately following your LASIK surgery. In addition, your vision will likely be blurry or hazy. Even though you may be tempted to rub your eye to alleviate this discomfort, this action can cause serious eye problems. These symptoms should improve in the first few days after surgery and your doctor may prescribe a mild pain reliever to help in the meantime.
To learn more about LASIK eye surgery, contact Eye Care Associates Of St. Louis. We have been a respected presence in the St. Louis ophthalmologic community since 1894. You can reach our office today by calling (314) 863-4200.
I just had cataract surgery on both eyes from Dr. Breit and it was fantastic. Service was wonderful and can't believe how smooth everything went and the follow ups. Dr. Breit is very personable and really listens to your concerns takes time with you can't say enough. I would definitely recommend Dr. Breit.
I saw Dr. Kadlec for the first time in March for a problem that I had been having for a few years. I was extremely frustrated that my vision was getting worse and that it could not be diagnosed. Dr. Kadlec listened to my concerns and after a thorough examination she found the problem and referred me to a specialist. I highly recommend her.
A healthy lens functions like the lens of a camera; it focuses light as passes through to the back of the eye. A cataract occurs when the lens, which is normally clear, becomes cloudy. This results in gradual changes in vision that you may not notice until the condition is quite advanced. Cataracts can be diagnosed during an eye exam by your ophthalmologist or optometrist.
Visual Acuity Testing
You are probably familiar with visual acuity testing from previous eye exams you’ve had through the years. This test typically uses an eye chart that has rows of letters that decrease in size. During this test, you may be asked to cover one eye at a time while you read aloud the smallest line of letters you can see. If you wear glasses, the test will be performed with your glasses on and again with them off.
Contrast Sensitivity and Glare Testing
A cataract can make it difficult to see when there is not a lot of contrast between objects, such as on a gloomy day or in a dark corner. To test for contrast sensitivity, your doctor will have you read an eye chart that has uniform size letters, but differences in contrast with the background. This test helps the doctor better understand the changes in your vision.
Some types of cataracts can also cause glare. To test for glare associated with cataracts, your ophthalmologist will have you read the eye chart with the lights on and again with the lights off.
A slit-lamp is a low-power microscope that allows your eye care specialist to examine the structure of your eye in fine detail. A high intensity light from the instrument’s lamp is focused through a slit and shined into the eye. Your ophthalmologist will also administer special eye drops to dilate your pupils. This enables your doctor to get a better look at the inside of your eye during the examination.
If you have been experiencing changes in your vision, cloudy vision or glare, contact Eye Care Associates of St. Louis today at (314) 863-4200 to schedule a comprehensive eye exam. Our doctors are dedicated to evaluating and maintaining your eye health for clear vision every day. Visit our website to learn more about cataracts and other eye conditions we treat.